The Apalachin meeting was a historic summit of the American Mafia that was held on November 14, 1957 at the home of gangster Joseph “Joe the Barber” Barbara at 625 McFall Road in Apalachin, New York.         The meeting was reportedly held to discuss various topics, including loan sharks, drug trafficking and gambling, as well as the Illegal Operations Division controlled by the recently murdered Albert Anastasia.   It is estimated that about 100 mobsters from the United States, Italy and Cuba attended this meeting.  Immediately after Anastasia`s murder in October of this year, and after taking control of the Luciano criminal family, renamed the Genoese criminal family by Frank Costello, Vito Genovese wanted to legitimize his new power by holding a national meeting of Cosa Nostra. Following the Apalachin meeting, in order to become a man made in the crowd, the membership books were closed and only reopened in 1976.  The RICO Act was passed in 1970 to further strengthen law enforcement in its fight against the mafia. Since its adoption, it has been successfully used to convict mafia bosses who acted as criminal enterprise leaders. RICO explicitly criminalizes the use of illegal revenue for the “acquisition, creation or operation of a business” and the use of a company to collect a debt. At the beginning of the 21st century, the American mafia was a shadow of its former self.
However, the mafia remained active in some of its traditional businesses, including haiing credit and illegal gambling, and its involvement in unions and legitimate industries such as construction had not been completely eliminated. Contributing to the continued survival of the mafia could be the fact that after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on America, significant resources were allocated to the fight against terrorism for the investigation of organized crime (which had already been cut before 9/11). Meyer Lansky invaded Cuba`s casino industry in the 1930s, when the mafia was already involved in exporting Cuban sugar and rum.  When his friend Fulgencio Batista became president of Cuba in 1952, several mafia bosses were able to make legitimate investments in legalized casinos. An estimate of the number of gangster-owned casinos was no less than 19.  However, when Batista was overthrown after the Cuban Revolution, his successor Fidel Castro banned U.S. investment in the country, ending the mafia`s presence in Cuba.  Las Vegas was considered an “open city” where any family could work. Once Nevada legalized gambling, gangsters quickly took advantage of it and the casino industry became very popular in Las Vegas. Since the 1940s, mafia families in New York, Cleveland, Kansas City, Milwaukee and Chicago have been interested in Las Vegas casinos. They obtained loans from the Teamsters` pension fund, a union they effectively controlled, and used legitimate front men to build casinos.  When the money entered the counting room, the men hired skimmed money before it was registered, and then handed it over to their respective bosses.
 This money has not been recorded, but the amount is estimated at hundreds of millions of dollars. In Europe, officials have expressed concern about the huge sums of money laundered by the mafia through online gambling, particularly through German-based websites where there are no penalties for illegal gambling [source: Walther]. And in Italy, where online gambling has risen sharply during the COVID-19 pandemic, authorities are investigating more than 300 people linked to an online gambling system [source: Ford]. Members of the famous New York Five Families – the Bonanno, Colombo, Gambino, Genovese and Luchese criminal organizations – were arrested along with members of the New Jersery-based DeCavalcante family and the New England Mafia to face charges such as murder, drug trafficking, arson, usurers, illegal gambling, witness manipulation, labor extortion and extortion. In a case involving the International Longshoremen`s Association (ILA) in the ports of New York and New Jersey, the alleged extortion has been going on for years. The mafia has made money over the years through a variety of illegal activities. Gangsters traded alcohol, illegal drugs, prostitution, and illegal gambling during Prohibition, to name a few. On January 16, 1919, prohibition began in the United States with the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which made it illegal to manufacture, transport, or sell alcohol. Despite these bans, there was still a very high demand from the public. This created an atmosphere that tolerated crime as a way to provide alcohol to the public, even among the city`s police and politicians.
Although not explicitly linked to mafia involvement, the murder rate increased by more than 40 percent during the Prohibition period — from 6.8 per 100,000 people to 9.7 — and in the first three months after the Eighteenth Amendment, half a million dollars in bound whiskey were stolen from government warehouses.  The profits that could be made from the sale and distribution of alcohol were worth the risk of punishment from the government, which was struggling to enforce the ban. More than 900,000 cases of alcohol were shipped to U.S. borders. Cities.  Criminal gangs and politicians saw the opportunity to make a fortune and began shipping large amounts of alcohol to American cities. Most of the alcohol was imported from Canada, the Caribbean and the U.S. Midwest, where the stills produced illegal alcohol. His motives were anything but pure.
Because guests were forced to live in the shade, the crowd was able to maintain low standards. The drinks were too expensive and diluted, and the conditions were unhygienic or well maintained. Sometimes the drinking glasses were not even washed between uses. And while Fat Tony reportedly paid the police up to $1,200 a month to stay away, Stonewall owners were still making big profits by blackmailing customers into keeping an eye on their illegal behavior in return. A 2015 study of Italian mafias published in the British Journal of Criminology found that real estate was attractive to the mafia for many reasons: they provided a basis for activities such as gambling and prostitution; there was no regulator to oversee it (as with the stock exchange); and real estate could be leased or used for legal companies. Real estate could also be prestigious and allow the family to be considered socially important in a region [source: Dugato, et al].