Plastic Bags Law in India

“After all, plastic is used in everything,” he said. The ban has also made these small hawkers and sellers unhappy, because despite the ban, customers are still likely to expect some sort of carrying bag and any options other than plastic bags currently available are difficult to buy and more expensive for small sellers. From now on, bags with a thickness of less than 120 microns will be banned from 31 December 2022. The squeaky waste management system in the country`s booming towns and villages means that much of this waste is not recycled and ends up polluting the environment. Nearly 13 million tons (14 million metric tons) of plastic waste was thrown away or not recycled by the South Asian nation in 2019 — the largest in the world, according to Our World in Data. Indian companies must comply with new plastic waste disposal rules, which will ban single-use plastics from July 1, 2022. Failure to comply will result in criminal penalties. The affected products include earplugs with plastic sticks, plastic balloon sticks, plastic flags, etc. Plastic packaging waste must now be collected and managed in an environmentally sustainable manner through the extended producer responsibility (EPR) of the manufacturer, importer and brand owner. The ban on single-use plastics is closely monitored by central and state environmental protection agencies, and policies have been issued at the national, state, and local levels to prevent raw materials from supplying industries engaged in banned items. If this nationwide ban, which comes into effect on July 1, works, India will replace single-use plastic bags with thicker, more durable ones, which should help reduce overall plastic use. It will also take another step toward eliminating multilayer plastic in the future, the last frontier in the war on non-recyclable materials.

The government has toyed with the idea of banning layered plastic used in consumer goods of all kinds, from ready-to-eat snacks to milk packets, but has been held back by the economic disruption such a move could trigger. Most plastic is not recycled worldwide and millions of tons pollute the world`s oceans, affect wildlife and end up in drinking water. Scientists are still trying to assess the risks posed by the tiny pieces of plastic known as microplastics. In 2020, more than 4.1 million tons (4.5 million U.S. tons) of plastic waste was generated in India, according to the Federal Pollution Control Agency. He had hoped that the demand for biodegradable bags would increase over time. But that didn`t happen, as its bags cost six times more than normal plastic bags. He now wants to reduce taxes on his products. But more importantly, he says, the government should ensure that the ban is properly implemented. India`s ban on single-use plastic items includes straws, cutlery, earplugs, wrapping films, plastic balloon sticks, candy and ice cream, and cigarette packets, among others, Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s government said in a statement. In 2020, plastic bags were almost non-existent on the market. However, carrying bags began a comeback in 2021.

These bags were the result of illegal local production and importation. Thicker plastic bags than those mentioned above are allowed. In May 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in a speech that India would eliminate all single-use plastics in the country by the end of 2022. “The decisions we make today will determine our common future. Decisions may not be easy. But through awareness, technology and true global partnership, I`m confident we can make the right decisions. Let`s all unite to fight plastic pollution and make this planet a better place to live,” Modi said. In an article in The Guardian newspaper in June 2018, Erik Solheim, former head of the United Nations Environment Programme, wrote: “There is no doubt: we are on the brink of a plastic disaster.” He welcomed India`s initiative and wrote again in 2018: “They have shown that political motivation, translated into practical action, can inspire the world and trigger real change.” Moti Rahman, 40, a vegetable vendor in New Delhi. The customers in his basket carefully selected the fresh summer produce on Tuesdays before throwing it in a plastic bag. Rahman said he agreed with the ban, but added that if plastic bags are stopped without a readily available and equally inexpensive replacement, his business will be affected.

In Tanzania, NipeFagio, a non-profit organization, collected intensive data on plastic pollution, mostly from primary data. It was noted that in addition to plastic bags, other single-use plastic items could also become a problem in the coming years – food packaging. India will see a nationwide ban on the production, import, storage, distribution, sale and use of single-use plastic items identified with little benefit and high waste potential from July 1, 2022. The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, define checkout bags as “bags made of plastic or compostable plastic material used to transport or deposit goods that have a freestanding property.” Currently, such support does not exist, leading to a crisis in the supply of recyclable substitutes for plastic needed for the production of packaged consumer goods.